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Bhubaneswar, 11.09.2017:

Minister of Railways & CoalShri Piyush Goyal briefed media on High Speed Train Project between Mumbai - Ahmedabad (popularly referred to as Bullet Train project) at Railway Board today, in presence of MoSR Shri Manoj Sinha & Chairman, Railway Board Shri Ashwini Lohani.


Brief on Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Train Project                    




·The salient features of the Project are :

·508 kms long Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed rail Project (Standard Gauge) at an estimated completion cost of Rs 1,10,000 crore. Out of this Rs 1,10,000 crore, Japan is giving a loan of Rs 88,000 crores. Interest on this loan is minimal i.e. 0.1%, and this loan is to be repaid to Japan in 50 years. Loan repayment period of 50 years with 15 years grace.

·In the first phase, the bullet train will cover 508 kilometres between Mumbai and Ahmedabad.

·There are 12 stations proposed between Mumbai and Ahmedabad - Mumbai, Thane, Virar, Boisar, Vapi, Bilimora, Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Anand, Ahmedabad and Sabarmati. If the bullet train will stop at 12 stations then it will cover the distance within 2 hours and 58 minutes.

·The distance will be covered in 2 hours and 07 minutes by the bullet train if it stops at four stations namely Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat and Mumbai.

·The operating speed of the bullet train will be 320 kilometers per hour and maximum speed will be 350 kilometers per hour.

·Of this route, 92% of the route will be elevated, 6% in tunnel and the rest 02% will be on the ground. That is, 508 will have 468 kilometers of track elevated, 27 kilometers of the route within tunnel and the remaining 13 kilometers on the ground.

·Initially, it is also proposed to convert it into a 10-car bullet train. This train will have the capacity to accommodate 750 people. In the future, it is also proposed to convert it into a 16-car bullet train. The 16 car bullet train will have the ability to sit for 1250 people.

·Maximum design speed of 350 kmph.

·EMU type rolling stock with maximum axle load of 17 tonnes.

·Adoption of Japanese high speed technologies (the Shinkansen system) .

·Transfer of technology for construction and also for manufacture of rolling stock, systems and other components in India to promote ‘Make in India’.

·Implementation of the project by a new  Special Purpose Vehicle on the lines of DMRC with equity participation from Ministry of Railways, State Government of Maharashtra and Gujarat to implement the project.

 Latest Status


·A new entity National High Speed Rail Corporation Ltd has been formed to implement the project in February 2016.

·Appointment of MD has been done. Shri Achal Khare has taken over the charge on 20.04.2017. Process for appointing other key Directors has also been initiated.

·More than 10 officials at middle management have already been joined NHSRC on deputation.

·An MOU with JICA has been signed on 23rd December 2015 for the follow up studies by JICA on technical standards, regulations, station area development, review of Final Location Survey, safety and human resource development. The studies have started from March, 2016 and will take approximately 20 months to complete.

·General Consultant has been appointed outside the loan to prepare Design documents, bidding documents and technical standards and specifications.

·High Speed Rail Training Institute in the State of Gujarat is proposed to be setup. The Ground breaking ceremony is proposed to be held in this year. The two land plots of approximately 42,000 sq. meter under Indian Railways has already been earmarked for the project near Gandhinagar City Railway Station.

·Tender for the work of slab track at Training Institute likely to be finalized shortly.

·Final Location Survey

oFIELD WORK for finalization of General Arrangements Drawing (GAD) are at an advanced stage.

oHoles totaling a length of 3660 MTs completed out of 540 bore holes for Geotechnical Investigation.

oField work in progress for collection of Hydrological data for Narmada and Sabarmati in progress.

oCapture of ground details through LIDAR survey completed.



Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi and Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will be laying the foundation stone of the Mumbai – Ahmedabad High Speed Rail (MAHSR) project (popularly known as the Ahmedabad-Mumbai bullet train) on 14th Sept. in Ahmedabad. This visionary project will herald a new era of safety, speed and service for the people and help Indian Railways become an international leader in scale, speed and skill.

Low cost of the project

·Major portions of large scale infrastructure projects are financed by debt, and the cost of debt is a significant portion of the total costs. As a part of cooperation agreement between India and Japan, Government of Japan will provide a soft loan of about Rs. 88,000 crore at miniscule interest rate of 0.1%. The repayment period of the loan is 50 years.Repayment of loan is to begin after 15 years of receiving the loan, making it practically free since, this loan interest works out to roughly Rs. 7-8 crore per month

·Generally, any such loan even from World Bank or such other agencies costs about 5-7% with a repayment period of 25-35 years, thus India is getting loan for the High-Speed Rail Project at almost zero cost without putting any strain on existing financial resources available with the country, as more than 80% of the project cost is being funded by Government of Japan. Clearly Peter is not paying for Paul.

·It is for the first time in the history of the country that an infrastructure project is being funded on such favourable terms.

Make in India

·One of the prime objectives of the project is “Make in India”, which is to be realized before commissioning of the project.

·As per the agreement between Governments, the MAHSR Project has “Make in India” & “Transfer of technology” objectives.Under the guidance of task force (DIPP and Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO)), action is being taken as per accepted concept paper guidelines.

·Four sub-groups with representatives from Indian industry, Japanese industry, DIPP, NHSRCL & JETRO to identify potential items & sub-systems for make in India

·Active interactions are already taking place between the industries of India and Japan. It is expected that many joint ventures will be formed in the time to come to take up manufacturing of various components including rolling stock. This will not only benefit the Indian Industry with new technology but will also create several job opportunities within the country.

·The Make in India objective will also ensure that most of the amount invested in this project would be spent and utilized within India.

·The construction sector in India will also get a big boost not only in terms of investment but also with respect to new technology and work culture. This project is likely to generate employment for about 20,000 workers during the construction phase, who will be trained specially to take up construction of such projects in India. Some of the new areas where construction skills would be developed areballast-less track, under sea tunnel etc.

·A dedicated High Speed Rail Training Institute is being developed at Vadodara. This institute will be fully equipped with equipment and facilities such as simulator etc. as are existing in the training institute at Japan. This institute will be functional by the end of 2020.The facilities at this institute will be utilized to train about 4,000 staff in next three years, who will then be utilised for operation and maintenance ensuring that this work is through skilled people in India rather than foreign dependent. They will also serve as a back bone for future development of other High Speed Corridors in India.

·In addition, 300 young officials of Indian Railways are being trained in Japan to give them exposure in high Speed Track Technology.

·Keeping in view the long-term plan for human resource development, Government of Japan has also offered 20 seats per year for Master’s course from the universities of Japan, for serving Indian Railway officials. This programme is fully funded by Government of Japan.


Cutting edge versus catch up technology

·Unlike other areas,for high speed, country is getting a cutting-edge technology in totality. The ShinkansenTechnology is known for its reliability and safety and is proven for more than 50 years. The train delay record of Shinkansen is less than a minute with zero fatality.

·Thus,theproject is set to provide reliable and comfortable service with high standards of safety. The technology regarding disaster predictions and preventions will also be acquired as a part of the project. Such safety systems ensure that the train operation safety is maintained in case of any natural calamity such as earthquake etc.

·With the presence and availability of this technology, India will be leapfrog to the cutting edge of latest train developments with passengers able to reach their destination in 2 hours as against the current 7-8 hours by train.


·As the engineering staff learns the latest technology it will also help in developing the same in India


·Keeping this scale-up in mind, there are other high speed corridors which are being reviewed -  Delhi Kolkata, Delhi Mumbai, Mumbai Chennai, Delhi-Chandigarh, Mumbai-Nagpur, Delhi- Nagpur. All these corridors will also be able to operate high speed trains in the future. For this, the Ministry of Railways has constituted the National High Speed ​​Rail Corporation Limited, which is also implementing this MAHSR project.


(J. P. Mishra)
Chief Public Relations Officer

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